Roman villa of Els Munts

Experimental hortus

View of the experimental hortus, with the pergola and its climbing vine and the parterres with different species

View of the experimental hortus, with the pergola and its climbing vine and the parterres with different species

Construction of the experimental hortus ―as part of the Comenius Regio Tarragona-Orleans 2010-2012 project ― was executed to offer a new means of approach to our understanding of the history of the villa, in this case through the natural environment present in Roman times, through its gardens, the species that were cultivated there and their uses.

This activity is part of the General Plan for the Roman Villa of Els Munts, submitted in February 2006, which contemplates working with the natural setting of the villa in two ways: by recovering spaces with the natural elements of the Roman period ―the hortus and the palestra―, and the creation of an itinerary to foster knowledge of the current natural setting of the villa and how it has changed over time.

The hortus contains the following species:

Trees

Almond (Prunus amygdalus)

Fig (Ficus carica)

Carob (Ceratonia siliqua)

Laurel (Laurus nobilis)

Pomegranate (Punica granatum)

Olive (Olea europaea)

Apple (Malus domestica)

Service (Sorbus domestica)

Ornamental plants

Acanthus (Acanthus sp.)

Ivy (Hedera helix)

Rose (Rosa gallica)

Aromatic and medicinal herbs

Camomile (Matricaria chamomilla)

Cotton-lavender (Santolina chamaecyparissus)

Thyme (Thymus vulgaris / Thymbra capitata)

Broom (Spartium junceum)

Parsley (Petroselinum hortense)

Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia)

Mint (Mentha viridis)

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)

Savory (Satureja thymbra)

Sage (Salvia officinalis)

Grape vine (Vitis vinifera)

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