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Musèu dera Val d'Aran

Joanchiquet Ecomuseum (Vilamòs)

Main façade of the Çò de Joanchiquet de Vilamòs Ecomuseum

Main façade of the Çò de Joanchiquet de Vilamòs Ecomuseum

The Çò de Joanchiquet de Vilamòs (Can Joanchiquet) Ecomuseum opened its doors in 1996. It is a traditional Aran-style house, known as auviatge or còto where an enclosed courtyard organises the different spaces: family home, stables, orchard, garden, etc.

The first known owner was Juan Aunós, in the second half of the 16th century. The Aunós house was inhabited uninterruptedly for ten generations until the 1960s. They were a family of wealthy farmers who enjoyed a prominent social and political position within the Aran community. Some of its members became mayors and councillors of the Conselh Generau d’Aran (General Council of Aran) in the 17th and 18th centuries.

In the18th century, the old family residence was extended with a new two-floor building and roof, and a century later, in the 19th century, partial reforms were made.

The stables were built between the 18th and 19th centuries.

SPACES

<p>The kitchen, a space for work, but also for social relations</p>
The kitchen
The kitchen
<p>Sieves, bread scoops and pans are just some of the utensils needed to make the tools in this space</p>
The kneader
The kneader
<p>The quality and quantity of the furniture in this room identify it as the main room in the house</p>
The heir’s room
The heir’s room
<p>Before chimneys were built, the smoke filled the attics of the houses, which is why they were given the name of <em>humarau</em></p>
The attic
The attic
<p>In the barn, side openings on the ground allowed the food to be placed directly into the animal food troughs in the stable</p>
The borda
The borda

OBJECTS

<p>Over the sink there is the <em>vaisher&egrave;r</em>, a small cupboard for the crockery</p>
Poladèr
Poladèr
<p>Despite its main purpose, over time this space was given different uses, such as storage</p>
Bed
Bed
<p>The word <em>rusqu&egrave;r</em> comes from the late Latin <em>rusca</em> (&lsquo;bark&rsquo;), which was the material used to make it</p>
Rusquèr
Rusquèr
<p>The meat mincer was invented in the 19th century by the German inventor and researcher Karl Drais</p>
Meat mincer
Meat mincer
<p>An 18<sup>th</sup>-century wardrobe made of pine and walnut wood. This <em>limanda</em> was also used as a desk</p>
Limanda (wardrobe)
Limanda (wardrobe)
<p>The number and features of the furniture in the rooms depended who slept there</p>
Medicine cabinet
Medicine cabinet
<p>The grains grown in the Val d&rsquo;Aran included wheat, corn, barley, buckwheat and rye</p>
Hucha (bridal chest)
Hucha (bridal chest)
<p>The oxen generally worked in pairs and were harnessed to a yoke</p>
Skates
Skates
<p>Skates were used from spring to autumn. In the winter, their characteristics did not allow them to be used</p>
Box skate
Box skate
<p>Sieves were common in Aranese houses that did not have sifters</p>
Sifter
Sifter

MAP

INFORMATION

ADDRESS
FEES
TELEPHONE
WEBSITE
http://www.cultura.conselharan.org/content/category/15/51/139/lang,catalan/
OPENING TIMES
EMAIL
info.museu@aran.org
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