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Museum of Cinema-Tomàs Mallol Collection

The race to cinema

Display 'The race to cinema'. First came the mutoscope. Photo: MdC.

Display "The race to cinema". First came the mutoscope. Photo: MdC.

In the twenty years before the invention of the cinema (1875-1895), scientists and inventors around the world started a frantic race to create a device that would allow photographic images in motion to be projected. It was the race to cinema.

The section shows the main precursors: Eadweard Muybridge and his photographic experiments to capture the motion of a horse's gallop, Étienne-Jules Marey and his chronophotography to capture movement in print, Émile Reynaud and optical theatre- the first cartoon projected; Thomas Alva Edison and the kinetoscope, an individual motion picture exhibition device that included a 35mm celluloid film with perforations; and a long list of inventors and scientists, who all had some level of success, and contributed in some way until the Lumière brothers invented the cinematograph.


<p>Chronotography "Daisy galloping saddled" Plate 624 by Eadweard Muybridge. Calotype (vintage), 1887.</p>
Chronotography "Daisy gallopin...
Chronotography "Daisy galloping saddled"
<p>Sign for the "Pantomimes Lumineuses". Th&eacute;&acirc;tre Optique d'&Eacute;mile Reynaud (1892).</p>
Sign for the "Pantomimes Lumin...
Sign for the "Pantomimes Lumineuses"
<p>Kinetoscope, T. A. Edison, reproduction</p>
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