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Museum of Cinema-Tomàs Mallol Collection

The race to cinema

Display 'The race to cinema'. First came the mutoscope. Photo: MdC.

Display "The race to cinema". First came the mutoscope. Photo: MdC.

In the twenty years before the invention of the cinema (1875-1895), scientists and inventors around the world started a frantic race to create a device that would allow photographic images in motion to be projected. It was the race to cinema.

The section shows the main precursors: Eadweard Muybridge and his photographic experiments to capture the motion of a horse's gallop, Étienne-Jules Marey and his chronophotography to capture movement in print, Émile Reynaud and optical theatre- the first cartoon projected; Thomas Alva Edison and the kinetoscope, an individual motion picture exhibition device that included a 35mm celluloid film with perforations; and a long list of inventors and scientists, who all had some level of success, and contributed in some way until the Lumière brothers invented the cinematograph.


16. The race to the cinema

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<p>Chronotography "Daisy galloping saddled" Plate 624 by Eadweard Muybridge. Calotype (vintage), 1887.</p>
Chronotography "Daisy gallopin
Chronotography "Daisy galloping saddled"
<p>Sign for the "Pantomimes Lumineuses". Th&eacute;&acirc;tre Optique d'&Eacute;mile Reynaud (1892).</p>
Sign for the "Pantomimes Lumin
Sign for the "Pantomimes Lumineuses"
<p>Kinetoscope, T. A. Edison, reproduction</p>
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