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Museum of Mataró. Can Marfà Knit Fabric

Area 5. Fashion, fantasy and sports

© Museu de Mataró

© Museu de Mataró

Spain’s neutrality in World War I (1914-1918) brought a new opportunity for the growth of the knit fabric industry in Catalonia: exports doubled and prices soared. The market expanded to countries like France, Argentina, Panama, Uruguay, Cuba and Venezuela, which were later joined by Egypt, Morocco and Italy. The short-term profits were huge. The end of the conflict signalled a return to normality and the resumption of competition from the large powers on the international market. There was a major shift in mentality and the traditional rules were broken, in the area of clothing as well. As nightcaps and long underwear disappeared, socks, sweaters, bathing costumes and sports outfits began to be manufactured.


<p><strong>Circular jacquard loom</strong></p>
<p>c. 1920</p>
<p>Chemnitz (Germany)</p>
<p>Photo: Eusebi Escarpenter. Museum of Matar&oacute;</p>
Circular jacquard loom
Circular jacquard loom
<p><strong>Bathing costume</strong></p>
<p>c. 1910-1920</p>
<p>From Els Banys de Sant Crist&ograve;for (El Masnou)</p>
<p>Photo: Museum of Matar&oacute;</p>
Bathing costume
Bathing costume
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