The luminist school consisted of a group of painters who had settled in Sitges during the last quarter of the 19th century. They shared the idea of taking their easels out of the study, of ceasing to paint from memory and of seeking new forms of expression in the landscape and everyday life. As artists they shared the ideas put into practice a few years earlier by the painters of the Barbizon School, near Paris, ideas which had spread to different parts of Europe, from the painters of southern Italy to those of the Danish Skagen School.
The landscape of Sitges, the streets, the beaches, the vineyards and its people, become the protaganists of Luminism. Capturing atmospheric effects and especially the effects of light in the seaside town were the major challenges. Like the painters from the Olot School, the Luminists were well received.
Their last major group exhibition was the Sitges Fine Arts Show in 1892, the first of the five Festes Modernistes organised by Santiago Rusiñol until 1899. The luminist group, led by Joan Roig i Soler, Arcadi Mas i Fondevila, Antonio Almirall, Joaquim de Miró, Joan Soler i Casanovas, Joan Batlle Amell and Càndid Duran was then joined by Santiago Rusiñol, Ramon Casas and Eliseu Meifrèn, among others.