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Maricel Museum

Ambit 4 METAPHYSICS, SURREALISM(S) AND LOGICOPHOBISM

Àngel Planells i Cruanyes (Cadaqués, 1901 – Blanes, 1989)
Perfect Crime, c. 1929
Oil on wood
Particular collection

Àngel Planells i Cruanyes (Cadaqués, 1901 – Blanes, 1989)

Perfect Crime, c. 1929

Oil on wood

Particular collection

Giorgio de Chirico and the artists of the Italian magazine Valori Plastici, the creators of metaphysical painting and disturbing reality, left a very obvious impression on painters from our country, such as Salvador Dalí, the pioneer in receiving this legacy.

Dalí became one of the great popularizers of De Chirico's work, along with the Parisian surrealists, who reinterpreted him to show the inner reality. Àngel Planells and Joan Massanet received the influence of metaphysical painting through Dalí.

During these same years, various painters produced works with the aesthetics of metaphysics, magic realism or imaginative reality, such as Antoni Garcia Lamolla, Ángeles Santos Torroella or Ramon Calsina.

The Logicophobist Exhibition of 1936 was the swan song of a whole generation of artists, who worked with the new languages of magic realism, metaphysics and Surrealism(s). The Civil War would cruelly truncate their diverse career paths.

 

Àngel Planells was a privileged spectator of Salvador Dalí's work and maintained intense conversations with the painter. In his work there is an iconography that is fully indebted to the work of the Empordà genius and that, at the same time, inherited the symbols of Giorgio de Chirico's painting. Sebastià Gasch, to talk about Planells’ painting, used the adjectives mysterious, enigmatic and magical in 1930, intimately related to metaphysical painting.

And he adds: «These painters collect the inheritance of Chirico, who still lives physically, but died spiritually a thousand years ago». Gasch comments that it refers to the first De Chirico, «with its ferocious objectivism», and describes the work of Planells as «enigmatic, particularly disturbing arrays». Perfect Crime responds to all these approaches. Under the objective description of De Chirico and Dalí, emerges the mystery, perturbation and terror.

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