The work of painters Melcior Domenge, Enric Galwey, and Iu Pascual held sway in the Olot circle during the two decades prior to the Spanish Civil War.
This reality explains why, when the Catalan Government restructured art teaching during the Republic, it set up the Higher School for Landscape Art in Olot. However, the School had a short existence; it opened in 1934 but was closed permanently in February 1939.
The post-war period was the age of a return to the roots of typical Olot landscape art. However, a number of artists emerged, who were open to new influences, who undertook more personal aesthetics.
The most prominent of these artists was Leonci Quera, a brilliant painter and sculptor who died young at the age of just 37. Quera left the Museum a stunning piece that evolves from a figurative to a highly austere yet also impulsive and vibrant abstraction, provided by the iron.