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Museu de Guissona Eduard Camps i Cava

Discovering the settlement of Iesso

Central area of the museum: the Roman settlement of Iesso.

Central area of the museum: the Roman settlement of Iesso.

The layout of Iesso shows that it was built according to a regular plan. Of special interest is the section of the old northern wall where a defence tower and the remains of one of the town gates can be seen. The web of streets in the Archaeological Park is divided by three main axes: the cardo maximus and a secondary cardo, running from north to south, a possible decumanus, running from east to west, and an intervallum, which runs parallel to the wall. These streets delimited the insulae, the islands or urban blocks, which are approximately 1 actus (35.48 metres) wide by 1.3 actus (46.12 metres) long. Two of these blocks have been partially excavated. In one block a group of houses has been found, with one large domus being particularly remarkable; and in the other what must have been the public baths. A cellar has also been uncovered.

The museum holds a significant collection of the trove that has been unearthed in Guissona over the years by archaeologists: ceramic jars for the preparation, storage and transportation of food; amphoras, two-handled vessels in which wine and other liquids were kept; weights for weaving looms; spindles for spinning thread; objects made of bones, of different types for different uses; tools made of iron, for all kinds of work; lead pipes and other conduits; and bronze and silver pieces. They also made glass for drinking vessels, dishes and bottles.

OBJECTS

<p>Bronze Roman horse soldier from the High Imperial period.</p>
Bronze Roman horse soldier
Bronze Roman horse soldier
<p><em>This coin, initially equivalent to 25 silver denarii, 100 silver sesterces and 400 bronzes asses, was gradually devalued over time.&nbsp; </em></p>
Aureus of Nero
Aureus of Nero
<p>Fragment of the Dressel 1A wine amphora which has a consular mark on its neck.</p>
Fragment of the Dressel 1A amp
Fragment of the Dressel 1A amphora
<p><em>Small globular, locally-produced jug coated with a layer of slip. </em></p>
Red slipware workshop of Iesso
Red slipware workshop of Iesso
<p>Nuts, grapes, plums and peaches from the Roman period. Recovered from a well in the city of Iesso</p>
Fruit preserved from the Roman
Fruit preserved from the Roman period
<p><em>Some of these loomweights have certain marks such as geometric incisions and markings from a ring stone. </em></p>
Set of loomweights
Set of loomweights
<p>Pompeian-style paintings that decorated the walls of rooms in the domus.</p>
Mural painting
Mural painting
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