Museum and location search

Archaeology Museum of Catalonia - Girona

Prehistory

Partial view of Room 1.

Partial view of Room 1.

This room features displays on human activity from the dawn of mankind until the Metal Age.

The first signs of human settlement in Europe and on the Iberian peninsula date back to a million years ago, at the beginning of the Palaeolithic period. This long period began in Catalonia about 700,000 years ago and ended about 7,500 years ago, with the start of the Neolithic period.

With the Neolithic Revolution, humans went from being hunter-gatherers, as in the Palaeolithic period, to livestock farming and agriculture. Cereals and legumes were domesticated, as well as animals. These major changes in ways of living saw people abandon nomadic life and build large settlements. For the first time, they made objects from stone, pottery and textiles.

Forms of burial, which were initially individual affairs, evolved into ever more complex affairs with monuments, giving rise to megalithism.

SIGNGUIDE

OBJECTS

<p><em>Pic del Montgr&iacute;</em>, on a porphyry pebble, Cau del Duc (Torroella de Montgr&iacute;, Baix Empord&agrave;), Lower Palaeolithic, 300,000-120,000 BC.&nbsp;Archaeology Museum of Catalonia, Girona.</p>
Pic del Montgrí
Pic del Montgrí
<p>Levalloisian nucleus&nbsp;<em>(Levallois) </em>of&nbsp;quartz, Can Planiol (Santa Coloma de Farners,La Selva), Mid-Palaeolithic, 120,000-40,000 BC.&nbsp;Archaeology Museum of Catalonia, Girona.</p>
Levalloisian nucleus
Levalloisian nucleus
<p>Harpoonmade with bone, from La Bora Gran d&rsquo;en Carreras (Seriny&agrave;, Pla de l&rsquo;Estany), Upper Palaeolithic, 16,500-13,700 BP.&nbsp;Archaeology Museum of Catalonia, Girona.</p>
Harpoon
Harpoon
<p>Necklace made from shells and bone, from Cau de les Goges (Sant Julia de Ramis, Girona),&nbsp;19,000 - 16,000 BC.&nbsp;Archaeology Museum of Catalonia, Girona.</p>
Necklace
Necklace
<p>Nucleus of Honey-coloured silex, necropolis of Sant Juli&agrave; de Ramis (Giron&egrave;s), Neolithic, 4,200-3,500 BC.&nbsp;Archaeology Museum of Catalonia, Girona.</p>
Nucleus
Nucleus
<p>Pan of handmade ceramic, La Bassa, Fonteta (Forallac, Baix Empord&agrave;), Neolithic, 4,300-3,900 BC.&nbsp;Archaeology Museum of Catalonia, Girona.</p>
Handmade ceramic bowl
Handmade ceramic bowl
<p>Megalithic tomb at the Dolmen of El Solar d&rsquo;en Gibert (Rab&oacute;s d&rsquo;Empord&agrave;, Alt Empord&agrave;), late Neolithic - Chalcolithic, 3,500-2,200 BC.&nbsp;Archaeology Museum of Catalonia, Girona.</p>
Beads
Beads
<p>Halberd of copper, (Girona),&nbsp;late Neolithic - chalcolithic, 2,200-2,000 BC.&nbsp;Archaeology Museum of Catalonia, Girona.</p>
Halbard
Halbard
scroll to top icon