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Museu Nacional Arqueològic de Tarragona

Roman architecture

<p>Room II with constructive and decorative elements from Tarraco&rsquo;s main public buildings .</p>

Room II with constructive and decorative elements from Tarraco’s main public buildings .

Roman architecture was one of the most visible expressions of the Empire’s power. In Rome’s image, provincial cities adopted the same urban and architectural models as the imperial capital. Inevitably, the city of Tarraco acquired a monumental aspect, with imposing public buildings decorated with sumptuous materials to enhance their appearance.

This room preserves a number of architectural elements from these city of Tarraco buildings. In this way we learn, for example, what the religious complex looked like ―presided over by a temple dedicated to the provincial imperial cult― and the city’s two forums: the provincial one, reserved for the provincial council and located at the top end of the city, and the one at the bottom end, known as the Tarraco Colony Forum, where local issues were discussed.

Tarraco’s three public entertainment buildings are also represented here: the theatre, from which a set of sculptures has been preserved; the amphitheatre, a model of which is displayed together with some construction elements; and the circus, represented by a fragment of the podium that separated the tiers from the arena.

OBJECTS

<p>Fragment of a monumental krater with Bacchus and Silenus, 2nd century AD, marble, 51 &times; 176 &times; 58 cm.</p>
Monumental krater
Monumental krater
<p><em>Clipeus</em> featuring the divinity Jupiter-Ammon, 1st century AD, marble from&nbsp;Luni-Carrara, 120 cm diameter</p>
Monumental medallion
Monumental medallion
<p>Thoracatus from the Roman theatre in Tarraco, 1st-2nd centuries AD,high imperial period, marble ofLuni-Carrara, 174 x 80 x&nbsp;42 cm</p>
Thoracatus
Thoracatus
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