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Museum of Cinema-Tomàs Mallol Collection

Fixing the image of the world. Optical boxes and photography

<p>Display "Fixing the image of the world: seeing the world through a hole". Photo: MdC.</p>

Display "Fixing the image of the world: seeing the world through a hole". Photo: MdC.

The camera obscura: seeing the world through a pinhole

In the 17th and 18th centuries tools were invented that allowed people to capture images using a camera obscura. At the same time, optical boxers, also known as "Mondo Nuovo", allowed spectators to glimpse faraway cities and distant lands without moving, through so-called "optical views", seen from inside the box through a hole with a lens.

 

Photography: chemicals replace paint

From 1839, thanks to chemicals, images could be captured permanently using the camera obscura. This was photography, capable of accurately reproducing ephemeral events, capturing appearances and giving the human eye a new and more realistic perception of reality.

OBJECTS

<p>Mondo Nuovo or Optical Box (circa 1825) Photo by J.M. Oliveras.</p>
Mondo Nuovo or Optical Box
Mondo Nuovo or Optical Box
<p>Optical view <em>Vue du Palais du Duc d&rsquo;Aveiro &agrave; Lisbonne</em>, Daumont (editor), France, c. 1780</p>
Optical view
Optical view
<p>Polyorama Panoptique, P. H. A. Lefort, France, after 1850</p>
Polyorama Panoptique
Polyorama Panoptique
<p>Box camera used to take daguerreotypes. L&oacute;pez and Gamara (circa 1840-1870).</p>
Box Camera used to take Daguer...
Box Camera used to take Daguerreotypes
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