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Museum of Garrotxa

Textiles and the Olot School of Drawing

<p>Gallery dedicated to the world of textiles.</p>

Gallery dedicated to the world of textiles.

The Museum exhibitions begin with the end of the 18th century, a time when population growth in Catalonia saw an increase in agriculture, more buildings and more trades.

Traditional crafts and trades and the first signs of industrialisation brought big changes to Olot and the surrounding region. Textiles are one of the most important activities in the Garrotxa region. Wool, hemp and flax, traditional materials, were gradually displaced by the cotton, and from 1774 onwards, with the arrival of the first loom from France, the volume of production increased greatly, especially for hats and socks.

A technique called calico printing also arrived from India. The prints were never important in quantitative terms, but nevertheless in 1782 Olot town council decided to found a drawing school to educate printers. Ideas from the Age of Enlightenment and economic progress saw the school open in 1783, which immediately provided the impetus for a wide range of activities.

The first head of the school was Joan Carles Panyó, who met Ramon Amadeu in Olot, an outstanding sculptor from Barcelona who was fleeing from the Peninsular War. Both men decorated churches and private homes in the town, leaving a legacy that can still be seen today.

OBJECTS

<p>No title (landscape), Joan Carles Pany&oacute; i Figar&oacute;, 1802 and 1840. Oil on wood.</p>
No title (landscape)
No title (landscape)
<p><em>"</em>Bou"<em>, </em>Ramon Amadeu i Grau, 1809-1821. Polychrome terracotta.</p>
"Bou"
"Bou"
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