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Museum of the History of Catalonia

Mare Nostrum 13th - 16th centuries

<p>Catalan dominion of the Mediterranean. &copy; of the photograph: Museum of the History of Catalonia (Pep Parer)</p>

Catalan dominion of the Mediterranean. © of the photograph: Museum of the History of Catalonia (Pep Parer)

In the 13th century, the conquest of Majorca and Valencia by James I began a period of military and trading expansion in the Mediterranean that lasted until the 15th century. The growth of cities, booming trade and the consolidation of merchant and craft organizations were some of the phenomena closely linked to this expansion.

A new, primarily urban aesthetic came to dominate artistic production at this time in architecture, painting and sculpture: the Gothic. At the same time, the foremost institutions of Catalan government took shape: the Corts, the Generalitat and the consells municipals, or municipal councils. The famine of 1333 and the Black Death in 1348 marked the beginning of a period of deep demographic, financial and social decline.

In the countryside, the peasants rose up in arms against their lords, demanding the removal of oppressive taxes, while the cities were subject to profound social unrest. Finally, a long civil war (1462-1472) in which the crown fought the institutions of government devastated the country as a whole. In 1472, Ferdinand II consummated the dynastic union with Castile with his marriage to Isabel I.

OBJECTS

<p>The Coca de Matar&oacute; &copy; of the photograph: Museum of the History of Catalonia (Pep Parer)</p>
The Coca de Mataró
The Coca de Mataró
<p>Altarpiece of saint Sebastian and saint Eloy, c. 1460, painting on wood, church of Sant Esteve de Granollers. Collection of the National Museum of Art of Catalonia, Barcelona. &copy; of the photograph: Museum of the History of Catalonia</p>
Altarpiece of Saint Sebastian...
Altarpiece of Saint Sebastian and Saint Eloy
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