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Museu d'Arqueologia de Catalunya - Girona

Prehistory

<p>Partial view of Room 1.</p>

Partial view of Room 1.

This room features displays on human activity from the dawn of mankind until the Metal Age.

The first signs of human settlement in Europe and on the Iberian peninsula date back to a million years ago, at the beginning of the Palaeolithic period. This long period began in Catalonia about 700,000 years ago and ended about 7,500 years ago, with the start of the Neolithic period.

With the Neolithic Revolution, humans went from being hunter-gatherers, as in the Palaeolithic period, to livestock farming and agriculture. Cereals and legumes were domesticated, as well as animals. These major changes in ways of living saw people abandon nomadic life and build large settlements. For the first time, they made objects from stone, pottery and textiles.

Forms of burial, which were initially individual affairs, evolved into ever more complex affairs with monuments, giving rise to megalithism.

OBJECTS

<p>Pic del Montgr&iacute;, &nbsp;on a porphyry pebble, Cau del Duc (Torroella de Montgr&iacute;, Baix Empord&agrave;), Lower Palaeolithic, 300,000-120,000 BC</p>
Pic del Montgrí
Pic del Montgrí
<p>Levalloisian nucleus&nbsp;<em>(Levallois),</em> quartz, Can Planiol (Santa Coloma de Farners,La Selva), Mid-Palaeolithic, 120,000-40,000 BC</p>
Levalloisian nucleus
Levalloisian nucleus
<p>Harpoon,&nbsp;bone, La Bora Gran d&rsquo;en Carreras (Seriny&agrave;, Pla de l&rsquo;Estany), Upper Palaeolithic, 13,000-11,000 BC</p>
Harpoon
Harpoon
<p>Necklace, shells and bone, 19000 - 16000 BC, from Cau de les Goges (Sant Julia de Ramis, Girona).</p>
Necklace
Necklace
<p>Nucleus, Honey-coloured silex, necropolis of Sant Juli&agrave; de Ramis (Giron&egrave;s), Neolithic, 4200-3500 BC</p>
Nucleus
Nucleus
<p>Pan, handmade ceramic, La Bassa, Fonteta (Forallac, Baix Empord&agrave;), Neolithic, 4200-3500 BC</p>
Pan
Pan
<p>Beads, gold, Solar d&rsquo;en Gibert megalithic grave (Rab&oacute;s d&rsquo;Empord&agrave;, Alt Empord&agrave;), late Neolithic - chalcolithic, 3500-2200 BC</p>
Beads
Beads
<p>Halberd, copper, (Girona),&nbsp;late Neolithic - chalcolithic, 2200-2000 BC.</p>
Halbard
Halbard
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