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Museu d'Arqueologia de Catalunya - Girona

Prehistory

<p>Partial view of Room 1.</p>

Partial view of Room 1.

This room features displays on human activity from the dawn of mankind until the Metal Age.

The first signs of human settlement in Europe and on the Iberian peninsula date back to a million years ago, at the beginning of the Palaeolithic period. This long period began in Catalonia about 700,000 years ago and ended about 7,500 years ago, with the start of the Neolithic period.

With the Neolithic Revolution, humans went from being hunter-gatherers, as in the Palaeolithic period, to livestock farming and agriculture. Cereals and legumes were domesticated, as well as animals. These major changes in ways of living saw people abandon nomadic life and build large settlements. For the first time, they made objects from stone, pottery and textiles.

Forms of burial, which were initially individual affairs, evolved into ever more complex affairs with monuments, giving rise to megalithism.

OBJECTS

<p>Pic del Montgr&iacute;, Cau del Duc (Torroella de Montgr&iacute;, Baix Empord&agrave;), Lower Palaeolithic, 300,000-120,000 BC</p>
Pic del Montgrí on a porphyry...
Pic del Montgrí on a porphyry pebble
<p>Levalloisian nucleus, Can Planiol (Santa Coloma de Farners,La Selva), Mid-Palaeolithic, 120,000-40,000 BC</p>
Levalloisian quartz nucleus
Levalloisian quartz nucleus
<p>Decorated harpoon, La Bora Gran d&rsquo;en Carreras (Seriny&agrave;, Pla de l&rsquo;Estany), Upper Palaeolithic, 13,000-11,000 BC</p>
Decorated bone harpoon
Decorated bone harpoon
<p>Necklace, 19000 - 16000 BC, from Cau de les Goges (Sant Julia de Ramis, Girona).</p>
Shell and bone necklace
Shell and bone necklace
<p>Nucleus, necropolis of Sant Juli&agrave; de Ramis (Giron&egrave;s), Neolithic, 4200-3500 BC</p>
Honey-coloured silex nucleus
Honey-coloured silex nucleus
<p>Pan, La Bassa, Fonteta (Forallac, Baix Empord&agrave;), Neolithic, 4200-3500 BC</p>
Handmade ceramic pan
Handmade ceramic pan
<p>Beads, Solar d&rsquo;en Gibert megalithic grave (Rab&oacute;s d&rsquo;Empord&agrave;, Alt Empord&agrave;), late Neolithic - chalcolithic, 3500-2200 BC</p>
Gold beads
Gold beads
<p>Copper Halberd (Girona), 2200 BC.</p>
Copper halbard
Copper halbard
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