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Museu d'Arqueologia de Catalunya - Girona

The colonisations and the Iberian period

<p>Partial view of Room 3.</p>

Partial view of Room 3.

In 7th century BC, several Mediterranean peoples, the Phoenicians and Carthaginians, Greeks and Etruscans, came into contact with the populations along the coast of the Iberian Peninsula, and established commercial relationships to exchange manufactured goods for raw materials.

During 7th century BC the indigenous Bronze Age people on the Mediterranean side of the peninsula began a long process of evolution, the foundations of Iberian culture.

Iberian culture has several common characteristics: widespread construction with hard materials (stone, adobe), the appearance of town planning, the adoption of the potter's wheel, the development of iron metallurgy and the creation of a local writing system. Society was divided into classes. The economy was based on rainfed agriculture and livestock.

Contact with other settlements had important repercussions in terms of how society was organised, the economy and belief system.

OBJECTS

<p>Altar, marble, Mas Castellar de Pont&oacute;s (Alt Emporda), Iberian period, 3rd-2nd century BC.</p>
Altar
Altar
<p>Sheet whit iberian inscription, lead, La Fosca Castle (Palam&oacute;s, Baix Empord&agrave;), &nbsp;Iberian period, 3rd century BC.</p>
Lead
Lead
<p>Mould of a female head, terracotta, Rodhe (Roses, Alt Empord&agrave;), Iberian period, 3rd century BC</p>
Mould
Mould
<p>Recipient (c&agrave;lat), &nbsp;common Iberian ceramic, Bosc del Congost (Sant Juli&agrave; de Ramis, Giron&egrave;s), Iberian period, 225-175 BC</p>
Recipient (càlat)
Recipient (càlat)
<p>Iberian ceramic jug of white paint, residential park of Vilacolum (Torroella de Fluvi&agrave;, Alt Empord&agrave;), Iberian period, 5th -4th centuries BC</p>
Jug
Jug
<p>Fish dish,&nbsp;red-figure Attic pottery, Mas Castellar (Pont&oacute;s, Alt Empord&agrave;), Iberian period, end of the 4th century BC</p>
Dish
Dish
<p>Bell krater, red-figure Attic ceramic, Sant Sebasti&agrave; de la Guarda (Palafrugell, Baix Empord&agrave;), Iberian period, mid-4th century BC</p>
Krater
Krater
<p><em>Askos</em>, Ionian-Milesian ceramic, Emp&uacute;ries (L&rsquo;Escala, Alt Empord&agrave;), Iberian period, 6th century - early 5th century BC</p>
Askos
Askos
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