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Museu d'Arqueologia de Catalunya - Girona

The Metal Ages

<p>Partial view of room 2.</p>

Partial view of room 2.

With the introduction of metallurgy, the Metal Age began. The Copper Age (3500-2200 BC) started with the discovery of copper, and is a phase that does not cause any big changes. The economy remained the same, natural caves were inhabited, megaliths were reused and there were collective burials.

The Bronze Age (2200-1800 BC) began with the discovery of the copper-tin alloy. 

However, the period known as the Late Bronze Age (1200-700 BC) was a time of change. The funeral rite of cremation appeared. Metallurgy was used more frequently, and the use of bronze expanded, while agriculture and farming techniques saw settlements grow.

At the end of this period steel and iron began to appear, one of the most important technological advances of the time. In Catalonia, the oldest iron comes from 700 to 575 BC, and a little later on the metal was used for weapons, such as antenna swords.

OBJECTS

<p>Hairpin, bronze, necropolis of Can Bec de Baix (Agullana, Alt Empord&agrave;), late Bronze Age, 900-800 BC</p>
Hairpin
Hairpin
<p>Axe, bronze, (Ripoll), late Bronze Age, 900-800 BC.</p>
Axe
Axe
<p>Cinerary urn, handmade ceramic, necropolis of Pi de la Lliura (Vidreres, La Selva), late Bronze Age, 1100-850 BC</p>
Urn
Urn
<p>Phoenician <em>pithos</em>, necropolis of Angl&egrave;s (La Selva), early Iron Age, 700-600 BC</p>
Pithos
Pithos
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