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Museu d'Arqueologia de Catalunya - Girona

The Metal Ages

<p>Partial view of room 2.</p>

Partial view of room 2.

With the introduction of metallurgy, the Metal Age began. The Copper Age (3500-2200 BC) started with the discovery of copper, a phase which did not cause any big changes. The economy remained the same, natural caves were inhabited, megaliths were reused and there were collective burials.

The Bronze Age (2200-1800 BC) began with the discovery of the copper-tin alloy. This period is not very well-known.

The discovery of bronze did not cause any dramatic changes.

However, the period known as the Late Bronze Age (1200-700 BC) was a time of change. The funeral rite of cremation appeared. Metallurgy was used more frequently, and the use of bronze expanded, while agriculture and farming techniques saw settlements grow.

At the end of this period steel and iron began to appear, one of the most important technological advances of the time. In Catalonia, the oldest iron comes from 700 to 575 BC, and a little later on the metal was used for weapons, such as antenna swords.

OBJECTS

<p>Hairpin, necropolis of Can Bec de Baix (Agullana, Alt Empord&agrave;), late Bronze Age, 900-800 BC</p>
Bronze hairpin
Bronze hairpin
<p>Bronze axe, (Ripoll), 900-800 BC.</p>
Bronze axe
Bronze axe
<p>Cinerary urn, necropolis of Pi de la Lliura (Vidreres, La Selva), late Bronze Age, 1100-850 BC</p>
Handmade ceramic cinerary urn
Handmade ceramic cinerary urn
<p>Phoenician pitos, necropolis of Angl&egrave;s (La Selva), early Iron Age, 700-600 BC</p>
Clay Phoenician pitos
Clay Phoenician pitos
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