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Museu Comarcal de l’Urgell-Tàrrega

Tragedy in the Jewish Quarter. Tàrrega 1348

<p><em>Tragedy in the Jewish Quarter: T&agrave;rrega 1348</em> exhibition hall, with the Gothic apostles in the foreground.</p>

Tragedy in the Jewish Quarter: Tàrrega 1348 exhibition hall, with the Gothic apostles in the foreground.

The museum’s permanent exhibition evokes the Tàrrega of the fourteenth century by showing pieces from the archaeological excavations that were undertaken in the town, at Les Roquetes and in Carrer de la Font, as well as sculptures from its own collection. These objects and art works recount how, at the end of the thirteenth century and into the early part of the fourteenth, the village that had grown up around the castle experienced a period of rapid demographic growth and economic development, as represented here by the apostles, Madonna and architectural elements from the different convents which were founded in the town around then. We then see how a series of economic and social crises from 1333 onwards made the relationship between Jews and Christians, which had never been an easy one, even more strained. These tensions were exacerbated with the arrival of the Black Death in 1348, which some people blamed on the Jews, causing the Jewish community to be brutally attacked. Excavations in the medieval cemetery of Les Roquetes, apart from giving many insights into the burial practices of the time, also provided material evidence of the terrible effects of this pogrom, in the course of which some three hundred Jewish people were killed. More testimony from this period was unearthed by the archaeological excavations at El Call, the one-time Jewish quarter in Carrer de la Font.

OBJECTS

<p>A necklace of amulets, or charms, from a mass grave FS 163.</p>
Necklace of amulets
Necklace of amulets
<p>Capital of a pillar, attributed to Ram&oacute;n de Bianya, dated to the 13th century.</p>
Capital attributed to Ramón de...
Capital attributed to Ramón de Bianya
<p><em>Dentiscalpium</em>, mid-fourteenth century, from excavations in numbers 7 and 9 of Carrer de la Font in the old Jewish <em>call</em> of T&agrave;rrega.</p>
Dentiscalpium
Dentiscalpium
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