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Banyoles Regional Archaeology Museum (MACB)

Prehistoric rooms

<p>Prehistoric rooms (Arqueoxarxa, Josep Casanova).</p>

Prehistoric rooms (Arqueoxarxa, Josep Casanova).

The prehistoric rooms feature the museum's most famous collections. They include artefacts from Pere Alsius's collection (late 19th century) as well as a Neanderthal jaw from Banyoles, belonging to Josep M. Corominas (1933-1973), and discoveries from modern excavations carried out since 1975 by the University of Girona.

These excavations include the Middle/Upper Palaeolithic sites at the caves in Serinyà (Albreda, Reclau Viver, Pau, Mollet-I, Mollet-III, Cau del Roure and Bora Gran d'en Carreras), which provide us with a complete overview of the material culture, surrounding fauna and the environment of the Neanderthals and homo sapiens who lived here between 200,000 and 8,000 BC.

Another primordial site on display at the Museum is the Neolithic lakeside settlement (Cardial culture, 5300-5000 BC) of La Draga, discovered at the eastern shores of Lake Banyoles in 1990. The excavation was coordinated by the Museum, in collaboration with the Catalan Underwater Archaeology Centre, the Autonomous University of Barcelona and the CSIC. Numerous wooden objects were preserved, thanks to their location, along with other material culture (bone, stone, ceramics, wildlife and plants), and they make up one of the most valuable collections the Museum.

We should also mention the human remains and funerary objects found in the burial caves at Martís (Mariver and Encantades) and Serinyà, which are from some time between the Neolithic period and the Late Bronze Age (5500-700 BC).

OBJECTS

<p>Magdalenian harpoon (9000-8000 BC) with a double row of teeth, from the cave at Bora Gran d'en Carreras (Seriny&agrave;).</p>
Magdalenian harpoon
Magdalenian harpoon
<p>Vase from the Neolithic period found in the cave at Marivent (Mart&iacute;s, Esponell&agrave;).</p>
Vase from the Neolithic period
Vase from the Neolithic period
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